What is CBD?
CBD inherits many of the medicinal properties of Cannabis such as being anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiolytic. This allows it to provide natural relief to stress, anxiety and pain.
What allows CBD to effectively treat so many conditions? It is how the cannabinoids found in CBD interact with receptors throughout our body.
Let’s talk about the Endocannabinoid System
- In 1988, the first cannabinoid receptor was discovered in the brain of a rat. Researchers found that these receptors reacted specifically to THC. They were primarily found in regions of the brain responsible for mental and physiological processes such as memory, high cognition, emotion, and motor coordination.
- 1993 the second cannabinoid receptor was found as part of the immune and central nervous systems. The researchers started to realize that they may have been onto something big, but these receptors were only found in rodents.
- 1995 researchers discovered that these receptors, now officially referred to as the CB1 receptor and CB2 receptor. They were found not only in rats, but within thousands of other species, including humans.
CB1 and CB2
Thanks to advanced technology and clinical trials, researchers were able to trace back through the metabolic pathways of various cannabinoids. They were able to uncover an entirely unknown signaling system between the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our bodies and receptors found in Cannabis compounds, which they called “endocannabinoids”.
Due to the role of endocannabinoids in this system, the system was officially named the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).
ECS is a vital component in maintaining the body’s homeostasis, which is the ideal balance between interdependent elements in the body.
How the ECS helps maintain homeostasis? When we have too much stress in our life, our mind releases cortisol. It is the compound responsible for how we feel when we are stressed. Cortisol can be helpful when in a dangerous situation. However, too much of it disrupts the natural balance of our body and mind and it can result in serious health problems.
When certain endocannabinoids are introduced into the body, it helps provide stress relief and manage our perception of stress so that we can look at the situation with a clear mind.
CBD and the Endocannabinoid System
Now that you have a general understanding of the Endocannabinoid System, let’s talk about how it interacts with phytocannabinoids like CBD to benefit the body.
Since the discovery of ECS, researchers have learned more and more about the synergistic relationship between phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids.